Each owner of a summer cottage needs to build a building in which garden tools and other things necessary for economic activity can be stored. A do-it-yourself barn can be used to keep poultry, rabbits, pigs or goats. A workshop or warehouse for storing crops is often organized here. In the utility block, you can equip a toilet with a shower, adding a bath room to the building.
A garden shed is an indispensable building in a summer cottage
- Shed for a summer residence: features of the building and basic requirements for it
- How to build a barn in the country: construction technologies
- How to build a barn with your own hands: preparatory activities
- Building a foundation for a barn with your own hands
- Frame barn: features of construction technology
- Do-it-yourself barn from foam blocks: the main advantages
- How to make a barn to the country from logs, timber or sleepers
- Prefabricated shed for a summer residence: design features
- Ready-made barn in the form of a container: a compact and functional structure
- Sheds for animals: design features and requirements for them
Shed for a summer residence: features of the building and basic requirements for it
Such a building may be temporary or permanent. The second option needs to draw up a barn project with reference to the site plan. The structure can be designed for specific purposes or be multifunctional, consisting of several compartments. The building is often used as a barn for keeping domestic animals and fodder. There are special requirements for the construction of such structures.
A barn for a summer cottage can be temporary or permanent
A multifunctional building most often consists of several zones where a storage room is organized, a toilet and a shower are equipped. By attaching a veranda or terrace, you can expand the functionality of the structure by arranging a place to relax and eat.
A number of requirements are put forward for an outbuilding in the form of a barn. The building must be built quickly and cheaply. Despite the fact that it belongs to the category of non-residential, the structure must be solid, reliable and durable, have the minimum comfortable conditions necessary for further operation. Depending on the purpose, the building must be insulated to the right extent. The size of the barn should be selected based on the dimensions of the site and the purpose of the building. It should be provided with convenient and free movement of a person.
Useful advice! Do not build too high a structure. However, it should be noted that a person must move in it to its full height, without bending.
The barn must be reliable, easy to use and of the right size.
The construction of the barn is carried out taking into account technical, sanitary and fire safety requirements. If gas cylinders, flammable liquids and other combustible materials are stored here, fire safety should be especially responsibly approached. An important role in the household blocks is assigned to the proper organization of good ventilation.
How to build a barn in the country: construction technologies
There are three options for building a barn in the country:
- monolithic technology;
- frame construction;
- modular method.
There are several technologies for building a barn: frame, monolithic and modular
Monolithic technology consists in erecting a structure from building elements in the form of cinder blocks, foam concrete and aerated concrete, brick, block or log cabin. This method allows you to get a high-strength, capital and durable building, which will be quite expensive. You can speed up construction while reducing costs by using cinder blocks or foam blocks. Such masonry is used quite often today for overall structures with an area of 20 m² or more.
The most popular in the construction of sheds is the frame technology. Its principle is to create a solid frame, which is the skeleton of the building, from wooden beams or a profile pipe, followed by its sheathing with shields, panels, slabs or wood. Such a do-it-yourself barn construction is carried out at a fast pace and is relatively cheap. At the same time, proper strength and reliability of the structure are ensured.
The modular method involves assembling a house from ready-made modules, which can be made of metal or plastic, which is demonstrated by photos of beautiful sheds. The fastening of elements to each other occurs through the use of special parts. The main feature of such structures is their mobility. The building can be dismantled and moved to another place.
How to build a barn with your own hands: preparatory activities
Before you make a barn, you should plan the territory of the site with the location of the future building. This issue has its own peculiarities. The barn is being built on the territory not used for growing summer crops. The building should not be located in a lowland. In the event of heavy precipitation, the building will be subject to constant flooding.
First of all, before starting construction, you need to choose a suitable place for the barn.
Depending on the purpose of the barn, it should be located at a remote distance from the residential building and the interface with the neighboring site, which is regulated by the current regulatory documentation.
Then you will need to draw up a plan for the future construction with the design of the premises. All dimensions must be listed here. The drawing can be done independently, taking into account personal preferences, or you can use ready-made standard projects for a shed for a summer residence, presented on specialized sites.
The next step is to compile (based on do-it-yourself barn drawings) a list of building materials, which depends on the construction technology. For frame construction, the amount of material needed to create the frame of the structure and complete the finishing of the building is calculated. In the case of using a monolithic version, the number of masonry material and the amount of mortar that will be needed to complete the work are determined.
Plan of a barn with an area of 11.15 m²: 1 – barn 7.30 m², 2 – storage room 1.75 m², workshop – 2.10 m²
Building a foundation for a barn with your own hands
Under the barn, you can perform one of two types of foundation: tape or columnar. The first option is arranged for capital frame structures with a concrete base. Light buildings are recommended to be placed on a columnar base.
Important! The strip foundation cannot be erected in areas with sedimentary soil or peat bog.
The step-by-step technology for laying a strip foundation for a barn with your own hands is as follows:
- marking for the future building according to its size;
- preparation of a trench 40 cm deep and 30 cm wide;
- backfilling the recess with a layer of sand with crushed stone 15 cm high;
- strengthening the bottom and side walls with roofing material;
For a columnar foundation, it is necessary to dig holes 80 cm in size
- installation of formwork along the perimeter of the trench;
- laying a reinforcing frame in the form of a box of rods 12 mm thick over the entire area of the recess;
- pouring concrete solution.
Important! The foundation should protrude above the ground level to the height of the base.
After two to three weeks, it will be possible to start building a barn in the country with your own hands.
Installing a columnar base involves the following steps:
- making holes 80 cm deep under the foundation pillars at the corners of the structure and at the junction of partitions, which should be located at least 1.5 m;
- backfilling the bottom of the holes with a layer of crushed stone or gravel with sand 15 cm thick;
- installation in the holes of pieces of metal or asbestos-cement pipes or liners from roofing material;
The strip foundation is suitable for frame buildings with a cement base
- backfilling the space between the rack and the ground with sand and gravel;
- filling the pipe cavity with fittings 10-12 mm thick, tied with 2 mm wire;
- pouring pipes with concrete.
Useful advice! To improve the waterproofing of the base and extend its service life, the support pillars should be coated with special mastic.
The columns can be made of brick or concrete blocks. You can also use oak or larch logs with a thickness of at least 300 mm. Wooden products must be carefully treated with an antiseptic. The lower part of the logs, which is buried in the ground, is covered with bituminous mastic and wrapped with several layers of roofing material. After installing the racks in the holes, the wooden supports are poured with concrete.
Frame barn: features of construction technology
Frame technology is very popular in the construction of sheds, according to which the skeleton of the building is erected, which is subsequently sheathed with finishing material. The frame is made of wood or metal. The last option is used to create a do-it-yourself barn from corrugated board. The wooden frame structure is widely used, which is characterized by increased strength, the ability to withstand significant loads.
Plan of a frame shed with a shed roof measuring 2.2×2.5×2.7 m
Frame technology makes it possible to build a structure in a short time with minimal costs. Since wood is a high-tech raw material, it becomes possible to add additional elements. The material is quite durable, with high thermal insulation characteristics and environmental friendliness.
Wood is characterized by hygroscopicity, which contributes to high moisture absorption with the formation of rot, mold and fungal infections. Therefore, the material needs to be treated with special moisture-resistant and antiseptic compounds, and to extend its service life, it can be covered with an outer protective layer of varnish or paint.
The durability and design of the barn is directly related to the cost of materials. You can build a barn cheaply and quickly with your own hands from unedged boards of spruce, birch or pine, while the building will have an unsightly appearance. A more aesthetic structure will be obtained from high-quality material in the form of edged boards, profiled timber or lining.
We build a barn with our own hands using frame technology
After the base under the shed is completely frozen, you can start building the frame of a wooden shed with your own hands. Its manufacture begins with the lower frame, which will serve as the basis for the future design. Therefore, for its manufacture, you should use a high-quality wooden beam without knots and mechanical damage.
For the barn frame, you can use not only timber, but also steel corners, pipes or a profile
Before you make a barn out of boards with your own hands, you need to waterproof the foundation. To do this, the base must be covered with two sheets of roofing material. This procedure will protect the wooden frame from moisture.
The lower frame is created from a bar with a section of 100×100 mm. In the corners, the elements are fastened with a dowel. Logs from boards with a section of 50×100 mm are attached to the strapping crown at a distance of 50 cm from each other. The next step is the construction of wooden racks from a bar of the same section as for the lower frame. They are fixed by means of overhead metal plates or can be nailed obliquely.
Important! If a shed roof is being arranged, wooden racks are installed at different heights, which will facilitate further roofing work.
The distance between the wooden posts should not exceed 1.5 m. 0.6 m is considered optimal. In this case, each support will coincide with the upper floor beams and become a reliable basis for the roof. To create additional rigidity, struts are attached to the vertical racks and the lower frame using bolted connections. In the upper part, at a distance of 2 m from the lower crown, the racks are tied by creating a wooden frame. Door and window openings are formed using vertical posts and horizontal crossbars. The distance between them is determined by the dimensions of the structure.
To build a barn frame with your own hands, you need to use a high-quality timber
To create a barn frame, not only a wooden beam can be used. Here you can use a steel pipe, corner or profile. The order of erection of the frame in this case remains unchanged. The only difference is that all metal elements are interconnected by electric welding. Such a frame does not require the construction of a foundation. It can be installed on a sand and gravel embankment.
Useful advice! Before sheathing, the metal frame should be painted. The exception is the profile with a galvanized coating.
Do-it-yourself floor and walls of a wooden building in the country house
After creating the frame and laying the log, you can proceed with the installation of the floor. For a cold shed made of boards with your own hands, it is advisable to use OSB sheets, which are nailed to the logs. On top of them, waterproofing is laid in the form of a sheet of roofing material. Next, a finishing floor is made of grooved or edged boards. The first option is more preferable due to the fact that there are special grooves on the ends of the boards that eliminate the possibility of cracks, thereby increasing the strength of the floor.
The floor can be insulated. To do this, use mineral wool, expanded clay or polystyrene, which are laid before the installation of the floor covering. For this, OSB boards are knocked down from below the lag. This process is carried out before the stage of erection of the frame racks. If this moment was missed, then the draft floor of this material is stuffed on top of the log. A counter-lattice is mounted on the plates, which is necessary to create cells in which insulation is laid. Under it, waterproofing is laid on the subfloor. From above, the insulation is covered with a layer of vapor barrier. Next, a clean floor is mounted.
If necessary, the floor of the barn can be insulated with mineral wool, polystyrene or expanded clay
Useful advice! The height of the insulation should be slightly less than the height of the log in order to provide a ventilated gap between it and the floor covering.
Until the walls are finished, the frame must be reinforced with permanent jibs. They are especially needed if the structure will be sheathed with a board or clapboard. The jibs are set at an angle of 45°, which provides better structural rigidity. It is allowed to maintain an angle of 60 ° near doors or windows. Docking elements with the frame is carried out “in the paw” or “half-tree”, which eliminates the formation of gaps.
Important! Before fixing the jibs, you should check the evenness of the corners of the frame using a building level or plumb line.
After completion of the installation of jibs and flooring, the walls are insulated. To do this, use foam or mineral wool. From the side of the room, the material is closed with vapor barrier followed by sheathing, and from the side of the street – with waterproofing, to which a counter-lattice of slats with a section of 20×40 mm is nailed to equip the ventilation gap.
To strengthen the frame of the barn, it is necessary to install the jibs at an angle of 45 °
Do-it-yourself frame shed roof device
To create a shed roof of a barn with your own hands, wooden boards with a section of 50×100 mm are used, from which rafters are made. It is most convenient to assemble the structure on the ground and fix it in finished form on the frame racks. The rafters are fastened at a distance of 0.7-0.8 m from each other. A crate is mounted on top of them. To do this, strips of unedged boards are installed with a gap of 15-20 cm from each other (in the case of using slate as a roofing material). If rolled products are used, then the crate step should not exceed 2-3 cm.
Important! The crate must be covered with waterproofing material.
You can do without rafters. To do this, the front wall of the frame is made 50 cm higher than the back, as shown in the drawing of a barn in the country with your own hands 3×6 with a shed roof. In this case, floor beams lie on the upper trim at a certain slope. They will play the role of rafters. With this option, an overhang of the roof should be organized, which is ensured by overlapping the beams by 50 cm in front and behind the structure.
Wooden boards are used to create a roof in a frame shed.
To obtain an attic space, a gable roof is erected above the barn, which is formed by triangular rafters that are attached to the upper trim of the frame. In this case, the front and rear walls of the frame must have the same height.
Varieties of roofing for a country barn
Do-it-yourself metal tile, slate, ondulin, flexible tile, roofing material or profiled sheet can be used as a roofing shed for summer cottages. One of the most budget options is slate, which is characterized by durability, good strength, weather resistance. However, it is quite fragile, so it requires careful handling. When installing it, there is no need to stuff a reliable crate. The material has low aesthetic properties, which is not so important for a barn in the country.
The metal tile is also an inexpensive material, which is characterized by durability, a wide range and attractive appearance. When installing the coating, care must be taken to avoid scratches and other damage that will become a prerequisite for the formation of corrosion.
The profiled sheet is similar in its technical and operational characteristics to the metal tile. However, it costs much less and has a simpler appearance, which is clearly shown in the photo of the do-it-yourself shed from corrugated board.
Soft tiles, slate, roofing felt, ondulin or profiled sheet are used as roofing.
A cheap and simple roofing is a rolled roofing material. It is distinguished by ease of installation, carried out in several layers, and low aesthetics. Soft slate is represented by ondulin, which is lightweight, flexible, easy to fit and has an aesthetic appearance. However, the material is flammable.
A flexible metal tile has good operational and aesthetic performance. However, the material has a relatively high cost, so it is not advisable to use it as a roofing shed.
How inexpensive to sheathe a barn outside: popular options
For sheathing frame wooden sheds with your own hands, you can use lining, a wooden board, OSB sheets or profiled sheets.
The most popular and cheapest option is to use unedged boards. They are dissolved into elements of the required size, with which the outer skin of the frame is made. However, in such a lining, cracks form over time, which can be closed with wooden planks. But it is better to overlap the board with a herringbone. With this technology, each subsequent row of boards is put on the lower tier with its edge.
Unedged boards can be used for sheathing the barn outside
A little more expensive, but easier to cut and install are OSB boards. It is important to set the elements in such a way that their joints are in the center of the frame racks. This material does not deform under the influence of moisture and does not rot. However, to create additional protection and give the structure a more attractive appearance, the surface should be covered with paint.
To organize a cold warehouse, you can use a profiled sheet, the elements of which are attached to a wooden frame with self-tapping screws. Sheets should be overlapped by 15-20 cm. If the structure is reserved for keeping animals or for a workshop, the walls of the corrugated shed are sheathed from the inside with insulating material.
A polycarbonate shed is being built for indoor poultry walking. The installation technology of honeycomb plastic is similar to the installation of OSB boards. Fastening is carried out using self-tapping screws with a wide cap and a sealing washer.
Budget and environmentally friendly frame plating options
One of the cheapest and most popular materials in rural areas are pressed straw blocks, which are also environmentally friendly. Such bricks are treated with a special composition that protects them from fire. They have good strength and the ability to retain heat. Straw bricks fill the gaps in the wooden frame, so when it is installed, intermediate racks are installed.
Pressed panels or straw blocks – an inexpensive and environmentally friendly cladding option
The resulting barn walls from a bar are finished with clay plaster, which is applied to a steel mesh fixed on top of the straw. A straw building is characterized by a minimum cost, and in terms of thermal characteristics it surpasses sheds made of cellular concrete and brick.
Another budget option is the use of sawdust concrete. To do this, a flat and durable formwork is constructed from OSB sheets, which is securely attached to the frame of the building. Next, layer-by-layer pouring of a mixture of sawdust and cement mortar in a ratio of 2: 1 is performed.
You can make a cheap and at the same time environmentally friendly barn for domestic animals using a clay pot. This is a mixture of clay, wood and cement-sand mortar, which fills the voids in the frame of the structure. The result is a rugged design with high energy efficiency.
Do-it-yourself barn from foam blocks: the main advantages
For the construction of solid outbuildings, blocks of cellular gas or foam concrete are most often used. The main advantages of the material are:
Plan of a small country shed made of foam blocks measuring 6x4x3 m
- large size of products, which allows you to perform work quickly and conveniently;
- accurate geometry, reducing the complexity of the process;
- light weight of the product, which is 11 kg;
- low thermal conductivity due to the porous structure of the material, which allows you to retain heat for a long time;
- increased frost resistance;
- good soundproofing properties;
- high hygroscopicity, which allows the material to breathe, removing water vapor to the outside, while preventing the likelihood of mold and dampness in the room;
- pliability of the product when sawing (due to the porous base);
- environmental friendliness of the material;
- low cost.
However, the material can be used for buildings no higher than 10 m, due to the limited strength of the material. Another disadvantage is the unattractive appearance of the products, which requires additional finishing of the walls of the barn for giving with their own hands from foam blocks.
Foam blocks have high frost resistance, low thermal conductivity and good sound insulation.
How to make a barn with your own hands from foam blocks
Before building a barn from foam blocks, a strip foundation is being erected, the manufacturing technology of which is described above. The blocks are laid on a waterproofing material covering the base. In this case, you can use roofing material or hydroisol. For laying blocks, an adhesive mixture should be prepared, which consists of sand and cement in a ratio of 1: 3. The first row starts from the corner of the building and continues along its entire perimeter. The thickness of the seam between the products should not exceed 30 mm. After laying the first row, the wall is checked for evenness using a level.
Useful advice! To obtain a durable and strong structure, after every third row, reinforcement bars with a diameter of 80 mm are laid on the blocks.
The last row is covered with waterproofing material. Next, the roof of the barn is created. For a small building (width no more than 3 m), a single-slope option is suitable. For do-it-yourself sheds 6 by 6 m, it is better to equip a gable roof, the installation description of which is given below.
With the help of metal studs, a Mauerlat in the form of a wooden beam with a section of 50×150 mm is attached to the upper row of masonry. The distance between the studs should not be more than 120 cm. Extreme trusses are installed on the Mauerlat, which form gables. For ease of installation, the rafters are assembled on the ground and then lifted up for installation. All elements should be interconnected by means of metal fasteners and overlays. The installed truss structure is covered with a waterproofing membrane, on top of which the crate is stuffed. The selected roofing material is attached to it.
Blocks must be laid on waterproofing material
Next, the outer surface of the walls of the country house is insulated with your own hands using the selected material. The most commonly used foam boards, which are glued with a special composition. Slopes of windows and doors should be strengthened using aluminum squares. Further, the insulation is covered with an adhesive mass 3-4 mm thick, into which a reinforcing mesh is embedded. After complete drying of the surface, which occurs after 48 hours, the walls are plastered and painted. They can also be sheathed with siding or corrugated board, which will give the structure a more aesthetic appearance.
Other options for block material for building a barn
An alternative to foam concrete blocks is wood concrete. It is often used for the construction of utility rooms. The material is characterized by increased strength, high vapor permeability, low thermal conductivity, resistance to rodents and mold. At the same time, it, in comparison with foam concrete, is less fragile. The material has low frost resistance and moisture resistance.
To build a barn with your own hands 3 by 3 m, you can use a brick. The material is distinguished by reliability, moisture resistance, fire resistance, durability, resistance to rodents and mold. Having an attractive appearance, brick walls do not need subsequent cladding. However, the brick has a high cost. Bricklaying is a labor intensive process. In addition, the material is characterized by significant weight, which requires a reliable foundation, and this will entail additional costs.
A suitable block material for building a barn is brick
For the construction of an outbuilding, you can use a stone from a quarry, which is laid on a cement-sand mortar. Such a structure cannot be called warm, therefore it requires additional insulation from the inside with mineral wool. The outer surface of the walls can be sheathed with clapboard.
How to make a barn to the country from logs, timber or sleepers
You can build a barn with your own hands from logs or timber. The material is characterized by high thermal insulation performance, so it can be used to equip a workshop or a place for year-round keeping of animals. The service life of the structure can reach 70 years. The assembly of the structure must be carried out by specialists in order to exclude the possibility of errors and misses in the work.
Important! Firewood should not be stored in a log or timber shed, as there is insufficient ventilation in the room to dry the heating oil.
For the construction of a building in the country, a beam with a section of 100×100 mm or 150×150 mm is suitable. Elements are laid on a strip or column foundation. The first crown is treated with an antiseptic. In the bars, cutouts are made at half the width of the product, which ensures good grip. The length of the elements must match the width of the wall. In logs, recesses are made in the form of a semicircle or angle along the entire length. Between the rows it is necessary to lay a layer of insulating material. For this, tow or jute is used. To ensure the strength of the structure, the crowns must be connected to each other with dowels, which is clearly shown in the photo of barn sheds.
It is recommended to entrust the construction of a barn from logs or timber to specialists
The barn can be made from old wooden sleepers. Such a structure will be solid and durable. Walls are built by stacking sleepers on top of each other. In the corners, the elements are tied with steel staples, which are hammered into the upper edges of the beams, connecting the joined crowns. Along the perimeter, the staples are hammered into the side faces of the elements.
There is another mounting option. To do this, one part of the sleepers is dug into the ground along the perimeter of the building. The remaining elements are cut at the ends with a chainsaw so that a spike is obtained. A groove is formed on the poles by stuffing two bars onto the sleepers. Next, sleepers are inserted into the prepared grooves. Between themselves, the elements are fixed with brackets.
Prefabricated shed for a summer residence: design features
The prefabricated barn is made from individual elements according to the principle of the designer. The cost of such a structure will exceed the costs required for the construction of a frame or block structure. Buildings are characterized by mobility and high speed of construction. A prefabricated barn with your own hands (photos clearly demonstrate different options) can be made on the basis of:
- sandwich panels;
- SIP panels;
- plastic panels.
A shed for a summer residence can be assembled from plastic, SIP or sandwich panels
SIP panels consist of two layers of wood, between which a heater is placed. Sandwich panels have the same structure, only metal sheets are located on the sides of the insulation material.
The first stage of the assembly of the structure involves the creation of a frame. Then standard elements are attached to it, specially made for a specific construction option. The assembly of the structure is carried out on the basis of detailed instructions with a drawing.
SIP panels can be made independently. To do this, you will need OSB boards, polystyrene foam, glue and a wooden beam. The assembly takes place according to the principle of “sandwich”. An adhesive is applied to the OSB sheet laid flat. Styrofoam is laid on it in such a way that there is free space for the docking bar along the contour of the product. Glue is applied to the insulation, and then a second sheet is laid. On top of the resulting structure, the load is evenly distributed over the entire area.
Plastic shed for a summer residence: characteristics of the structure
Such a beautiful shed is made of frost-resistant composite plastic, which is characterized by strength, wear resistance, reliability and practicality. The material is resistant to sunlight, moisture, does not corrode and attack by harmful insects, mold and fungus do not form on it. Despite the small weight, such a structure is able to withstand constant and long-term loads. For a long service life, plastic, unlike wood, does not need to be treated with special compounds. With proper use, such a building will last at least 15 years.
Plastic shed – practical, reliable, wear-resistant and durable
The ridge of the roof is made of a transparent material, due to which it is light in the room during the daytime. The design is characterized by passive ventilation, which ensures the unhindered movement of air masses inside the barn, so that the air does not stagnate and the room remains dry. The service life of the building is about 25 years. The plastic construction is suitable for creating a workshop or a place to store garden tools. This building is not recommended for keeping animals, due to its small area and lack of insulation.
Modern models of plastic sheds for summer cottages – the photos clearly confirm this – attract attention with a neat and stylish appearance. Such a barn can become a real decoration of a summer cottage. Such a design is assembled without assistance in 2 hours. Work is carried out without the use of additional fasteners, complex tools and the use of welding. Under this structure, it is not necessary to build a foundation. The object is mobile, which makes it possible to transport the structure to a new location.
Useful advice! You should not often move the plastic shed, as its fasteners will loosen, as a result of which the structure will lose its due strength and reliability.
Ready-made barn in the form of a container: a compact and functional structure
Today you can buy a ready-made metal shed for a container-type cottage. The basis of such a monoblock structure is a rigid metal frame, sheathed on the sides with metal with an insulating layer, where electrical wiring is laid. Such a barn looks like a container.
Container barn – compact and robust design
The internal content of different models can vary significantly. There are models with shelves in the barn, which resembles a pantry. Some designs are equipped with a canopy for arranging an open terrace. It is possible to purchase a ready-made shed for a summer residence with a toilet and a shower. Multifunctional containers are recommended to be used as a small country house at a time when the main building is being built. Later the container can be sold.
To install the finished structure does not require the construction of a foundation. It can be placed on a concrete slab. The container is delivered ready-made and mounted using a truck crane. Such sheds have a high cost and not a very attractive appearance, which is offset by the durability and practicality of the structure.
Sheds for animals: design features and requirements for them
Sheds for animals belong to a separate category of household blocks, which are subject to special requirements. The building for domestic animals should be well ventilated. This is primarily due to the large amount of animal droppings located indoors. It is chemically active, releases ammonia. The consistency of the litter and the speed of its drying are different for different animal species. The shed can be additionally equipped with a place for storing manure and manure, which are valuable fertilizer.
Animal shed should be well ventilated, environmentally friendly and insulated
The location of the livestock shed on the site is strictly regulated by regulatory documentation. The design must withstand significant loads and mechanical stress. This is especially true for barns. It should also be borne in mind that some species of animals like to gnaw on wood. Therefore, you should not build a barn made of wood, additionally impregnated with bactericidal and water-repellent compounds, which can be detrimental to some animal species.
For chickens, the building must be made of chemically resistant material and equipped with good ventilation. For pigs, a prefabricated wooden shed for giving with a reinforced frame is suitable. For goats, a wooden barn is undesirable. The cowshed should be warm and reliable. It can be performed on a strip foundation made of block material, followed by insulation.
A barn in the country is an indispensable multifunctional structure that can be built from any building material. The installation technology directly depends on the purpose of the building, its size and the financial capabilities of the owners. In order to build a barn in the country, the price of which will depend on the version of the building, it is important to use high-quality material and follow the algorithm of actions when erecting a structure of the selected type. With a good financial opportunity, you can purchase a ready-made mobile shed for a turnkey cottage in the form of a container or a set of structural parts for self-assembly.